Choques de Precios de Recursos Naturales, Asignaciones al Gasto Público y Posición Fiscal: una Ilustración con Bolivia

Autores/as

  • Roger Alejandro Banegas Rivero Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Empresariales
  • Reyna Vergara González Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Empresariales

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33110/rnee.v11i2.138

Palabras clave:

posición fiscal, choques de precios de recursos naturales, asignación de ingresos fiscales, gasto público

Resumen

En este documento se evalúan los choques de precios de recursos naturales, así como el rol de la asignación de los ingresos fiscales sobre la posición fiscal de Bolivia, país dependiente de gas natural con base en información trimestral: 2003-2011 (período de auge de precios). Al emplear la metodología SVAR, se ejemplifica −con un caso− al demostrar que la asignación de ingresos fiscales al gasto público ejerce un rol más relevante que las perturbaciones de precios en el recurso natural para distintas mediciones de balances fiscales; asimismo, se evalúan las respuestas del gasto público desagregado en términos de presión fiscal.

Biografía del autor/a

Roger Alejandro Banegas Rivero, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Empresariales

Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales “José Ortiz Mercado” (IIES-JOM), Universidad Autónoma Gabriel René Moreno (Bolivia). rogerbanegas@uagrm.edu.bo

Reyna Vergara González, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Empresariales

Facultad de Economía, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México (México). reyna_vg@yahoo.com

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2021-06-17