Choques de Precios de Recursos Naturales, Asignaciones al Gasto Público y Posición Fiscal: una Ilustración con Bolivia

  • Roger Alejandro Banegas Rivero Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales “José Ortiz Mercado” (IIES-JOM), Universidad Autónoma Gabriel René Moreno
  • Reyna Vergara González Facultad de Economía, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México

Resumen

En este documento se evalúan los choques de precios de recursos naturales, asícomo el rol de la asignación de los ingresos fiscales sobre la posición fiscal de Bolivia, país dependiente de gas natural con base en información trimestral: 2003-2011 (período de auge de precios). Al emplear la metodología SVAR, se ejemplifica −con un caso− al demostrar que la asignación de ingresos fiscales al gasto público ejerce un rol más relevante que las perturbaciones de precios en el recurso natural para distintas mediciones de balances fiscales; asimismo, se evalúan las respuestas del gasto público desagregado en términos de presión fiscal.

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Publicado
2017-02-21