Dynamic Capabilities and Competitive Advantage into Mexican FirmsTesting Gibrat’s Law


  • Mario Gómez Aguirre Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Empresariales



Palabras clave:

capacidades dinámicas, ventaja competitiva, Ley de Gibrat, anel de pruebas de raíz unitaria, economías emergentes, México


Este trabajo analiza la existencia de capacidades dinámicas y ventajas competitivas en las empresas mexicanas. Las capacidades dinámicas se refieren a la capacidad de no imitabilidad que tienen las empresas para formar, reformar, configurar y recon-figurar su activos, a fin de responder a las demandas tecnologías y las condiciones de los mercados para escapar de la condición de cero beneficios. La ventaja com-petitiva se refiere a la capacidad de las empresas para adquirir rentas económicas. En este sentido, las capacidades dinámicas y la ventaja competitiva son esenciales para la supervivencia de las empresas en los mercados caracterizados por una tasa alta de innovaciones y cambio tecnológico. Se argumenta que las empresas locales deben estimular sus propias capacidades dinámicas para competir con éxito en los mercados. Por otro lado, las empresas extranjeras eventualmente transfieren sus propias capacidades (tecnología y know-how) a las filiales locales a fin de competir con éxito en estos mercados. Haciendo uso de métodos econométricos, se analiza la desarrollo de las empresas en relación con la Ley de Efectos Proporcionales y probar la existencia de capacidades dinámicas en las empresas de México.

Biografía del autor/a

Mario Gómez Aguirre, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Empresariales

Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Empresariales (Economic and Business Research Institute), Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo.


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