SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY IN LATINO AMERICA COUNTRIES: A PANEL DATA APPROACH
Palabras clave:Science and technology policy, Latino America countries, innovative ac-tivity and panel data models
This paper analyzes science and technology policy in Latino America. Making use of panel data methods, we test for successful science and technology policy, and sup-porting innovation practices in Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Mexico. There are three paradigms that explain science and technology policy: the market failure paradigm, the mission paradigm, and the cooperative technology paradigm. The market failu-re paradigm assumes that market mechanisms will lead to optimal rates of science production and technical change. The mission technology paradigm assumes that governments may play an important role in the programmatic mission of agencies. The cooperative technology policy paradigm assumes that markets are not always the most efficient route to innovation. The results suggest that there is room for go-vernment involvement when defining a science and technology policy that aims to support the development of innovative capabilities. We conclude that mission and/ or the cooperative technology paradigms are adequate for defining a successful scien-ce and technology policy in Latino America.
Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0.